Monday, October 17, 2016

Introduction to Latin American Studies


INTS 130-01 (1608)
Tomás F. Crowder-Taraborrelli
Office hours: Maathai 414, Mondays 10:15 to 11:00 a.m
Class Time: Tuesdays and Thursdays 1:00 - 2:30 p.m.

 INTRODUCTION TO LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES


It is a great pleasure and also a great challenge to teach a course like this. Since the Wars of Independence, Latin America has seen dramatic changes in its political and social identity. The last century has been marked by a never-ending series of coup d’états, often times sponsored by U.S. governments, which have undermined democratic governments and their policies. In spite of this, Latin America has shown resilience and continues to advance a progressive agenda that strives to do away with social inequality. In this course, we will examine the history of the region, paying particular attention to major political changes and their repercussion in popular culture. The course is organized chronologically, but we will always strive to assess how past events mobilize social forces in the present.


Books
Galeano, Eduardo. The Open Veins of Latin America.
New York: Monthly Review Press, 1997.
Chasteen, John Charles, Born in Blood and Fire: A
Concise History of Latin America, 2nd ed., N.Y.; London: W.W. Norton & Co., 2006.

Assignments
There are four types of assignments in this course: a group or individual presentation (based on the assigned discussion topic readings), a mid-term exam and a final argumentative research paper (8 - 10 pages).


Readings
I have organized course readings in two categories: common readings (CR) and discussion topics readings (DTR). All students will have to read Common Readings and students assigned to a particular discussion topic will read CRs and also Discussion Topic Readings. Students are encouraged to read all readings, but I understand that it might not be possible. Since discussion is an essential part of each class, please complete all the readings before class and bring to class a few questions to generate dialogue. Always bring hard copies of the reading to class so you can cite passages and/or page numbers during discussion.


Tentative schedule of Readings and Assignments (Please check our Bright Space course site for more information about the readings)

Week 1
"The Conquest"

Thursday September 8th
Galeano, Eduardo. The Open Veins of Latin America. 1-58 (CR)
Fernandez Retamar, Roberto. “Caliban: A question”. The Oxford Book of Latin   American Essays. (375- 378) (CR)


Week 2

Tuesday September 13th
Cabeza de Vaca. Naufragios [selections] (CR)
Moreno Fraginals, M. “The Death of the Forest” (DTR)
Chasteen, J. Born in Blood and Fire, Chapter 1 (CR)
Greenwald, G. “Brazil is Engulfed By Ruling Class Corruption…” [DTR]
Equiano, O. “The interesting narrative of the life…” [DTR]
FILM: Herzog, W. Aguirre, The Wrath of God (1972) [sequence screened in class       4:20]

Thursday September 15th
Galeano, E. TOVOLA, “King Sugar and Other Agricultural Monarchs” 59-113 (CR)
Corrales J. and Mario Pecheny, “Six reasons why Argentina Legalized Gay       Marriage First” [DTR]
FILM: La hora de los hornos, dir. Grupo Cine Liberación [first part screened in class]
Rodriguez, Silvio. "La maza". Song [DTR]


Week 3
The Conquest and Colonialism

TUESDAY September 20th
Galeano, Eduardo. The Open Veins of Latin America. 59-133 (CR)
Mills, Keneth and William B. Taylor. Colonial Spanish America: Chapters 6,    12,15.
Burton, J. “The cameras as ‘gun’: Two decades of culture and resistance in    Latin America.” Latin American Perspectives [DTR]

FILM: Raymundo. Dr. Ernesto Ardito y Virna Molina [DTR]
FILM: La tierra quema, Dir. Raymundo Gleyzer
The Hour of the Gurnances, dir. Grupo Cine Liberacion [second part screened   in class]

THURSDAY September 22nd
Marti, Jose. “Nuestra America.” 288-296 [CR]
Marti, Jose. Obras Completas: Edicion Critica. [DTR]
Manzano, Juam Francisco. “Autobiography of a slave” The Cuba Reader (49-57)   [DTR]

Cuban Music: "Santa Barbara, Que viva Chango", Conjunto Folklorico Nacional de Cuba.
FILM: La ultima cena, dir. Tomas Gutierrez Alea, 1976 [sequence screened in class]
Film: Inner Borderlines: Visions of America Through The Eyes of Alejandro Morales, 7 p.m. Pauling 216 [mandatory attendenece]

Week 4
Independence 

TUESDAY September 27th
Galeano, Eduardo. The Open Veins of Latin America. 113-133 (CR)
Schlesinger S. and Stephen Kinzer. The Story of the American Coup in    Guatemala. Chapter 1 [CR]
Schlesinger S. and Stephen Kinzer. The Story of the American Coup in    Guatemala. Chapter 4 [DTR]
Jacobo arbenz; Trilogia Documental, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala,   Dir. Edgar Davila. 2014 [DTR]
Kolko, G. Confronting The Third World: United States Foreign Policy 1945-     1980. Chapter 9. [DTR]
Chasteen, J.C. Born in Blood & Fire. Chapter 3 “Independence” [CR]
Neruda, P. “Insurgent America” [CR] Neruda P. “Standard Oil.Co” and “La       United Fruit Co.” [CR]

THURSDAY September 29th
Skidmore, T.E.  Modern Latin America. “Mexico: The Taming of a Revolution.”   (47-78) [CR]
Florescano, Enrique. “The Colonial Latifundio” [DTR]
El barzon. La maldita vecindad.
No les creo nada. La maldita vecindad y los hijos del Quinto patio. [DTR] See       lyrics.
Assignment: Pick a topic for you research paper. Write a one to two page description of your project.
Watch during the weekend one of these two films:
Que viva Mexico. Dir. Sergei Eisenstein. 1932
Vamonos con Pancho Villa. Dir. Fernando Fuentes. 1935 [no subtitles]

Week 5
Revolution

TUESDAY October 4th
In class discussion of proposals for final research project.
Skidmore, Thomas E., Peter H. Smith & James N. Green. “Mexico: The Taming of a Revolution”. Modern Latin America. (47-78)
Flores Magnon, “Land and Liberty” [CR]
Zapata, E. and others, “Plan of Ayala” [CR]
Cabrera, “The Restoration of the Ejido” [DTR]
Mexico at the Hour of Combar: Sabino Osuna’s Photographs of the Mexican       Revolution [CR]
(workshop: Please look at these pictures)

FILM SCREENINR: Rodando en la Hadana: Bicycles Stories. Q&A with director Jen Hosek.  Pauling 216, 7p.m. – 8p.m. (October 6th)

THURSDAY, October 6th
Skidmore, Thomas E., Peter H. Smith & James N. Green. “Brazil: The Awakening Giant”. (296- 340) (CR)
de Andrade, Oswald. “Anthropophagite Manifesto”. The Oxford Book of Latin     American Essays. (96-99) (CR)
Anderson, John Lee. "How Colombia's Voters Rejected Peace". The New Yorker    (DTR)
Buarque, Chico. Construcao.  [Played and discussed in class, see blog for     lyrics and music]
Regina, Elis. Folhas Secas. [Played and discussed in class]
Brasilia, contradicoes de uma Cidade Nova, dir. Joaquim Pedro, 1967.
Sao Paulo S.A. Dir. Luiz Sergio Person 1965

Week 6
Modernity

TUESDDAY October 11th
Chasteen, J.C. "Chapter 8: Revolution". Born in Blood and Fire. (CR) 
Declaration of Caracas, OAS, 1954.
Perón, Sinfonía de un sentimiento. Dir. Leonardo Favio. (DTR) [Sequence       screened in class16 min.]
Violeta Parra. "Maldigo del alto cielo". [recording in class]. See Lyrics
Ni Una Menos. Women's activist group against femicide. Ni Una Menos. Vivas    nos queremos! Pagina12.
"Women in Peru protest against rising tide of murder and sexual crime". The   Guardian.
Assignment: For Thursday, bring 5 to 10 bibliographical references you are planning to use in your research project. You will have to turn them in at the beginning of class.

THURSDAY October 13th
Benjamin, Jules R. "Shunning Dictatorship: The United States and Batista".    The United States and the Origins of the Cuban Revolution (CR)
Guevara, Che. "Message to the Tricontinental." Che Guevara Internet Archive. (DTR)
Guevara, Che. "Man and Socialism." The Cuba Reader. (DTR)
Historias de la revolución. Dir. Tomas Gutierrez Alea (DTR)[Sequence screened in class 25:00 min.]
The Chilean Building. Dir. Macarena Aguilo. [available on Kanopy- sequence    screened in class]

Week 7

Tuesday October 18th
FILM Screening: Nostalgia for the Light. Dir. Patricio Guzman. [in class] Please come on time to class. Film starts promptly at 1:00 p.m.
Cleary, Edward L. The Struggle for Human Rights in Latin America. "Beginning of the Human Rights Era: Military Repression". (CR)

Thursday October 20th
Dinges, John. The Condor Years: How Pinochet and His Allies Brought Terrorism To Three Continents. Chapter 7. (CR)
Joyce, Christopher and Eric Stover. Witnesses from the Grave. Chapter 12.     [DTR]
Victor Jara. Te recuerdo Amanda. [song played in class] Lyrics
La batalla de Chile: Part 1 The Insurrection of the Bourgeoisie. Dir.   Patricio Guzman [DTR]
Recent news from Latin America: "Historias trágicas detrás del miércoles      negro en Argentina" y "Hallados 4,600 fragmentos de cadaveres en un campo de exterminio de los Zeta".
Discussion Mid-Term

Week 8

Tuesday, October 25th
MIDTERM

Thursday October 27th
Wilson, Tamara. "Violence against Women in Latin America". Latin American     Perspectives, 2014. (CR)
Eisenhammer, Stephen. Bare Life in Ciudad Juarez: Violence in a Space of      Exclusion". Latin American Perspectives (DTR)

Week 9

Tuesday, November 1st
Skidmore, Thomas E. "The Andes: Soldiers, Oligarchs, and Indians." Chapter 6. Modern Latin America, pgs. 142-164 (CR)
Bitacora Semanal, La Jornada Mexico. Violencia contra mujeres.
Ocano, Manuel. "Culpa organización a EU de crear un caos de refugiados en la frontera mexicana." El Latino, San Diego
Oblivion. Dir. Heddy Honigman [sequence screened in class].

Thursday, November 3rd
Skidmore, Thomas E. "The Andes: Soldiers, Oligarchs, and Indians." Chapter 6. Modern Latin America, pgs. 164-183 (CR)
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)'s Constitution of 2009.
Dangl, Benjamin. The Price of Fire: Resource Wars and Social Movements in Bolivia (DTR). I strongly suggest everyone reads this text (at least Chapter 3).
The Corporation. "Expansion." (sequence screened in class)
Cocalero.Dir. Alejandro Landes. 2007 (sequence screened in class)

Week 10
Alternative Forms of Government

Tuesday November 8th
Chasteen, John Charles. Chapter 9: "Reaction." Born in Blood and Fire. (CR) Menchu, Rigoberta. "I, Rigoberta Menchu." (CR)
When the Mountains Tremble (1983). Dir. Siegel & Yates. (sequence screened in class)
LA Weekly. How the Chicanas of Eastside Mujeres Network Are Fighting to End   Violence Against Women.

Thursday November 10th
Lafeber, Walter. Inevitable Revolutions: The United States in Central   America. (pgs. 197-242) (CR)
Gutierrez, Gustavo. "Chapter Two: Liberation and Development." A Theology of Liberation: History, Politics, and Salvation. (pgs. 13-25) (CR)

Week 11
State Terrorism

Tuesday November 15th
Lafeber, Walter. Inevitable Revolutions: The United States in Central   America. (pgs. 242-end) (CR)
Children of the Diaspora: For Peace and Democracy. Dir. Jennifer A. Carcamo   (2012)
"El peso mexicano sufre la peor caida..." El Pais. (DTR)
"Immigrants fear Trump deportations: This election changed my my optimism."   The Guardian. (DTR)
"Qué puede esperar América Latina." Pagina12.(DTR)
"It was the Democrats' embrace of neoliberalism that won it for Trump." Naomi Klein, The Guardian. (DTR)
"Defiance and Anxiety Among Undocumented Youth in Trump's America." The New   Yorker. (DTR)

Thursday, November 17th.
Sitrin, Marina. "Horizontalidad." Everyday Revolutions: Horizontalism and     Autonomy in Argentina (CR, pgs 61-82).
We must rethink globalization..." Thomas Piketty (DTR)
"Goodbye, American neoliberalism. A new era is here." Cornel West, The Guardian.
The Take. Dir. Klein & Lewis (2004). [please watch before class]. (CR)
Sitrin, Marina. "New Subjectivities and affective politics." Everyday Revolutions: Horizontalism and Autonomy in Argentina (DTR, pgs 83-99).
"Brazil police use pepper spray..." The Guardian (DTR).
Memoria del Saqueo. Dir. Fernando Solanas (DTR). [clip from the Solanas'      documentary film].

Week 12
Religion and Liberation

Tuesday and Thursday November 22nd and 24th
NO CLASS

Week 13
Narcoscapes and Narcoculture

Tuesday November 29th
The Untold Story Of Cuba's Support For African Independence... Democracy Now.
"Venezuela Expert Miguel Tinker Salas Breaks Down Nation's Crisis." Pomona    College. (CR)
Finnegan, William. Venezuela, A Failing State. The New Yorker, 2016. (CR)
Ellner, Steve. "Social and Political Diversity and the Democratic Road to Change in Venezuela." Latin American Perspectives. (DTR)
The Revolution Will Not Bet Televised. Dir. Kim Bartley and Donnacha    OP'Briain. 2003 [screened in class] 21:27

Thursday December 1st
"Venezuela: A Debate on the Future of the Bolivarian Revolution." Letter and Politics, KPFA [starting 8:30 minutes].
Bad Hair [Pelo Malo]. Dir. Mariana Rondon. 94 min.

Week 14
Water Wars

Tuesday December 6th
Oral presentations

Thursday December 8th
Oral presentations [final week of classes]

Week 15

Tuesday December 13th
Study Day

Thursday December 15th
Final Research paper due

Bibliography 

Ahrens, Jan Martínez. “El peso mexicano sufre la peor caída del planeta por el efecto Trump.” El País, 11 Nov. 2016, elpais.com/economia/2016/11/11/actualidad/1478881241_290530.html.

Benjamin, Jules R. The United States and the Origins of the Cuban Revolution. Princeton University Press, 1992. Print.

Burton, J. “The cameras as ‘gun’: Two decades of culture and resistance in Latin America.” Latin American Perspectives, 1978. Print.

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)'s Constitution of 2009. Oxford University Press, Inc., constituteproject.org.

Cabeza De Vaca, Naufragios de Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca. University of California Press, 1993. Print.

Centenera, Mar. “Historias trágicas detrás del ‘miércoles negro’ en Argentina.” El País , 19 Oct. 2016, http://elpais.com/internacional/2016/10/19/argentina/1476877699_409150.html.

Chasteen, John Charles. Born in Blood & Fire: A Concise History of Latin America. W. W. Norton & Company, 2011. Print.

Cleary, Edward L. "Beginning of the Human Rights Era: Military Repression.” The Struggle for Human Rights in Latin America. Praeger, 1997. Print.

Collyns, Dan. “Women in Peru protest against rising tide of murder and sexual crime.” The Guardian, www.theguardian.com/global-development/2016/aug/13/women-peru-protest-rising-tide-murder-sexual-crime.

Corrales, Javier. “Six Reasons Why Argentina Legalized Gay Marriage First.” Americas Quarterly, 30 July 2010. web.

Dangl, Benjamin. The Price of Fire: Resources, War, and Social Movements in Bolivia. AK Press, 2007.

Dinges, John. “The Condor system.” The Condor Years: How Pinochet and His Allies Brought Terrorism To Three Continents. The New Press, 2005. pp. 99-125. Print.

Eisenhammer, Stephen. “Bare Life in Ciudad Juárez: Violence in a Space of Exclusion.” Latin American Perspectives, 30 Oct. 2013.

Ellner, Steve. “Social and Political Diversity and the Democratic Road to Change in Venezuela.” Latin American Perspectives, vol. 40, no. 190, ser. 3, May 2013, pp. 63–82.

Equiano, Olaudah. The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African. Written by Himself. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2014.

Fernandez Retamar, Roberto. “Caliban: A question”. The Oxford Book of Latin American Essays. 375- 378. Print.

Finnegan, William. “Venezuela, a failing state.” The New Yorker, 14 Nov. 2016.

Fletcher, Bill, and Peter Kornbluh. “Independence Movements Under Fidel Castro.” Democracy Now, 28 Nov. 2016.

Florescano, Enrique. "The Colonial Latifundio," The Mexico Reader: History, Culture, and Politics. Joseph, Gilbert M., and Timothy J. Henderson, editors. Duke University Press Books, 2003. Print.

Galeano, Eduardo. The Open Veins of Latin America. Monthly Review Press, 1997. 1-58.

Gallegos, Zorayda. “Hallados 4.600 fragmentos óseos en un campo de exterminio de Los Zetas.” El País , 1 Nov. 2016, http://elpais.com/internacional/2016/10/19/mexico/1476831467_522360.html.

Goodyear, Dana. “Defiance and Anxiety Among Undocumented Youth in Trump’s America.” The New Yorker, 11 Nov. 2016, www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/defiance-and-anxiety-among-undocumented-youth-in-trumps-america?mbid=nl_161112_Daily&CNDID=45187349&spMailingID=9861780&spUserID=MTU4NDQ3OTE5MjM4S0&spJobID=1040934494&spReportId=MTA0MDkzNDQ5NAS2.

Greenwald, Glenn, et al, editors. “Brazil Is Engulfed by Ruling Class Corruption — and a Dangerous Subversion of Democracy.” The Intercept_, 18 Mar. 2016, theintercept.com/2016/03/18/brazil-is-engulfed-by-ruling-class-corruption-and-a-dangerous-subversion-of-democracy/.

Guevara, Che. “Message to the Tricontinental.” Che Guevara Internet Archive, 1967, www.marxists.org/archive/guevara/1967/04/16.htm.

Gutierrez, Gustavo. ”Theology: a critical reflection.” A Theology of Liberation: History, Politics, and Salvation. Orbis Books, 1988. pp. 2-25. Print.

Holpuch, Amanda. “Immigrants fear Trump deportations: ‘This election changed my optimism'.” The Guardian, 11 Nov. 2016, www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/nov/11/donald-trump-immigration-policy-deportations-build-wall.

Joyce, Christopher, and Eric Stover. “A Southern Exposure.” Witnesses from the Grave. Little Brown & Co (T), 1991. pp. 205-304. Print.

Klein, Naomi. “It was the Democrats' embrace of neoliberalism that won it for Trump.” The Guardian, 9 Nov. 2016.

Kolko, G. Confronting The Third World: United States Foreign Policy 1945-1980. Pantheon, 1988. Print.

Lefeber, Walter. “The Collapse of The System.” Inevitable Revolutions: The United States in Central America. W. W. Norton & Company, 1993. pp. 197-270. Print.

Langlois, Jessica. “How the Chicanas of Eastside Mujeres Network Are Fighting to End Violence Against Women.” LA Weekly, 21 Sept. 2016, www.laweekly.com/news/how-the-chicanas-of-eastside-mujeres-network-are-fighting-to-end-violence-against-women-7408606.

Marti, Jose. Obras Completas: Edición Critica. Paperback. 2002. Print.

Menchu, Rigoberta. “Rigoberta Menchu.” The Oxford of Latin American Essays. Oxford University Press, 1997. pp. 490-494. Print.

Minic, Cristóbal Alvarado. “Venezuela Expert Miguel Tinker Salas Breaks Down Nation’s Crisis.” Pomona College, 27 June 2016, www.pomona.edu/news/2016/06/27-venezuela-expert-miguel-tinker-salas-breaks-down-nation%E2%80%99s-crisis.

Moreno Fraginals, M. “The Death of the Forest.” The Cuba Reader: History, Culture, Politics. Eds. Chomsky, A., et al., editors. The Duke Press, 2009. Print.

Neruda, Pablo. Neruda: Selected Poems. Houghton Mifflin, 1990. Print.

Ocaño, Manuel . “Culpa organización a EU de crear un caos de refugiados en la frontera mexicana.” El Latino San Diego , 27 Oct. 2016.

Piketty, Thomas. “We must rethink globalization, or Trumpism will prevail.” The Guardian, 16 Nov. 2016, www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/nov/16/globalization-trump-inequality-thomas-piketty.

Schlesinger, S., et al, editors. The Story of the American Coup in Guatemala. David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies, 2005. Print.

Semanal, Bitacora . “La Jornada Mexico. Violencia contra mujeres.” La Jornada en linea.

Skidmore, Thomas E., et al.,. Modern Latin America. “Mexico: The Taming of a Revolution.” Oxford University Press, 2013. Print.

Sitrin, Marina A. “Horizontalidad.” Everyday Revolutions: Horizontalism and Autonomy in Argentina. Zed Books, 1988. pp. 61-100. Print.

The Associated Press in Rio de Janeiro. “ Brazil police use pepper spray at austerity protest outside Rio parliament.” The Guardian, 16 Nov. 2016, www.theguardian.com/world/2016/nov/16/brazil-rio-de-janeiro-police-pepper-spray-protest-olympics.

Vicuna, Cecilia, and Ernesto Livon-Grosman. The Oxford Book of Latin American Poetry. Oxford University Press, 2009. Print.

West, Cornel. “Goodbye, American neoliberalism. A new era is here.” The Guardian, 17 Nov. 2016, www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/nov/17/american-neoliberalism-cornel-west-2016-election.

William B, Taylor, and Kenneth Mills, editors. Colonial Spanish America: A Documentary History. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 1998. Print.

Wilson, Diana Tamar. “Violence Against Women in Latin America.” Latin American Perspectives, vol. 41, no. 194, ser. 1, 16 Dec. 2014.